Key Benefits of Running Apache Spark on Kubernetes



November 23, 2023

Running Apache Spark on Kubernetes

In this dynamic tech world, enterprises are continuously looking for efficient ways to manage their big data processing needs. With the rise of containerization and orchestration technologies, the integration of Apache Spark with Kubernetes has gained significant attention in the market. This integration brings a multitude of benefits to transform the way data-intensive applications are deployed and managed. In this article, we will talk about the advantages of running Apache Spark on Kubernetes and explore its workflow.

What is Apache Spark?

Big Data spark is a big data processing tool that comes under the Apache foundation. It is highly beneficial for analytics application areas as it boasts Machine Learning libraries, stream processing, and graph processing tools. Additionally, it supports multiple back-end programming languages including Python, R, and Scala.

Click the link to grab more information about Apache Spark and its key benefits. 

What Is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is defined as an orchestration service known for its outstanding ability to automate the deployment, scaling, and maintenance of container-based application infrastructure. Its environment-agnostic nature allows engineers to efficiently transit applications from local development environments to the cloud, eliminating the challenges posed by environmental differences.

 Spark and Kubernetes: A Comprehensive Analysis

Spark is a cutting-edge data analytics tool that is widely acclaimed among Machine Learning professionals. On the other hand, K8s is known for its automation capabilities, which boast a more robust scheduler compared to Spark’s default Standalone Scheduler. Moreover, it offers superior resource allocation, monitoring, and logging services. These features collectively establish K8s as an indispensable companion tool for Spark.

You can establish the connection by utilizing K8s clusters to accommodate Spark API-based applications. Consequently, K8s isn’t required to be aware that it’s operating Spark within containers. This setup enables your Spark instances to fully leverage the advantages inherited from containerized applications in the K8s environment.

Opting for the Spark-K8s integration method that optimizes the capabilities of both platforms is highly advisable. This process can be as straightforward as providing Spark applications to K8s via the spark-submit command. By doing so, resources are established within a K8s pod, allowing the Kubernetes API server and Scheduler to manage the orchestration activities effectively. Additionally, you have the option to run the Spark on Kubernetes combination with the applications acting as clients in pods or on distinct physical machines.

Understand the difference between openshift vs rancher tools used in Kubernetes. Click the link 

Advantages of Running Spark on Kubernetes

Running Spark applications within a Kubernetes environment offers a robust and secure ecosystem for managing end-to-end pipelines. It offers the following benefits:

  •  Easy Deployment of Spark Instances

Kubernetes simplifies the deployment of Spark instances by automating the process based on demand. This is in contrast to a continuously running, resource-intensive Spark setup. Additionally, Kubernetes facilitates the smooth migration of Spark applications across various service providers.

  •   It’s a Free Strategy

K8s operates as an open-source project, which eliminates the need for additional expenses linked to its automation. Additionally, it offers access to free assistance through the expanding developer community associated with K8s.

  • Scalability

One of the primary advantages of leveraging the Spark application on Kubernetes is its inherent scalability. Kubernetes allows for the dynamic allocation of resources, enabling the seamless expansion or contraction of computing resources based on the application’s requirements.

  • Resource Efficiency

Kubernetes enables optimal utilization of resources by dynamically allocating and deallocating containers, ensuring efficient usage of cluster resources.

  • Isolation

Kubernetes ensures isolation at the container level. It effectively averts resource clashes and conflicts that may arise between various Spark applications operating within the same cluster.=

  • Flexibility

The integration of Spark with Kubernetes provides the flexibility to manage workloads effectively, enabling the deployment of multiple applications simultaneously and effectively managing their resources without any conflicts.

Challenges of Spark on Kubernetes

  • Complexity 

Setting up and managing Spark clusters on Kubernetes can prove more intricate as compared to conventional methods, demanding a comprehensive understanding of both Spark and Kubernetes.

  • Performance Overhead

Implementing Spark on Kubernetes could lead to some performance overhead due to the intermediary layer between Spark and the underlying hardware.

  • Storage Integration

Merging Kubernetes-native storage solutions with Spark might require extra effort, as Spark applications often heavily rely on specialized storage systems.

  • Monitoring and Debugging

Due to the distributed nature of both platforms, monitoring and debugging of Spark applications on Kubernetes can pose increased challenges.

Steps to Configure Spark on Kubernetes

Configuring Spark on Kubernetes involves several crucial steps to ensure a smooth setup and deployment process. These are the guidelines that successfully deploy Spark on Kubernetes:

  • Verify Prerequisites: Ensure you have the latest versions of Kubernetes and Spark. Confirm Spark’s compatibility range with Kubernetes and underlying Docker containers.
  • Create a Kubernetes Cluster: Start by creating a Kubernetes cluster to host your Spark workloads.
  • Implement Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): Set up RBAC to manage and control access to resources in Kubernetes that ensure security and proper access permissions.
  • Set Up a Docker Registry: Create a Docker registry to store and manage the necessary Spark images required for deployment.
  • Deploy Spark on Kubernetes Operator: Follow the installation steps mentioned in the readme file of the repository to deploy the Spark on Kubernetes operator, which helps manage and automate the deployment of Spark applications on Kubernetes.
  • Install Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler: Install the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler add-on to efficiently manage the scaling of Spark instances in your Kubernetes cluster.
  • Configure Log Storage: Set up a persistent storage location for Spark driver and event logs to ensure that logs are stored securely and can be accessed when needed.
  • Set Up the Spark History Server: Although the Spark history server is no longer officially supported, setting it up can still be beneficial for log visualization when launching Spark applications.
  • Configure Metric Monitoring: Configure essential metric monitoring using the Kubernetes UI to keep track of key performance indicators.

A few best practices will make the most of any cloud service platform’s feature. To get a better understanding, approach Ksolves professional Apache Spark developers.


In conclusion, running Spark on Kubernetes offers a robust solution for managing big data workloads efficiently. The seamless integration of these two powerful technologies empowers enterprises to scale their data processing capabilities, optimize resource utilization, and enhance overall application performance. With the right implementation strategies and a keen focus on best practices, enterprises can leverage this integration to stay ahead in the competitive data-driven landscape.

Are you looking for a trusted Apache Spark development company? Ksolves India Limited is a one-stop solution to accomplish your needs. With a team of skilled Apache Spark developers, we can provide top-notch services customized to your business needs. From seamless Spark integration to efficient data processing, Ksolves ensure robust solutions for your big data challenges. Get the complete benefits of running Spark on Kubernetes with Ksolves for unmatched data-driven success.

authore image
ksolves Team

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

(Text Character Limit 350)